Piraeus (Ancient Greek: Peiraiefs) is a city of Attica and the most important port of Greece and the East Mediterranean coast. The municipality of Piraeus constitutes the third biggest municipality and settlement in Greece having a population of 175.697 according to the census of 2001 while its extent reaches to 10.9 square metres. The wider area of Piraeus includes the homonymous municipality and six more municipalities-suburbs with a total population of 466.065 and an extent of 50.4 square metres. It constitutes the southwest urban part of the Athens, part of the capital-city region. The centre of Piraeus is 12 kilometres far from the centre of Athens being the historic seaport of the capital of Attica while the municipality constitutes the centre of the Piraeus Prefecture that is part of the Hyper-Prefecture of Athens and Piraeus The area of Piraeus seems to have been inhabited since the Neolithic Era reaching its peak during the Classical Era when it was first declared as a municipality, more specifically being one of the municipalities of Ancient Athens, chosen to be the seaport of the Athens city-state. A long period of decay followed when Piraeus was occasionally deserted reaching the 19th century when Athens became the capital of the newly formed country of Greece and Piraeus started developing again. Its population steadily grew following the premium urban design of the city based on the system that Ippodamus from Miletus initially applied when designing Ancient Piraeus, a system that remains a prototype of urban design. Actually, in 1832, Piraeus was nominated by Gutensohn, the architect of Ludwig I of Bavaria, to become the capital of Greece progressively extending to Athens but eventually the reverse happened since Athens was the city chosen to become the capital of Greece and after a while Piraeus integrated in the capital region. Nowadays, Piraeus is the biggest industrial centre of the country while on the same time the biggest port in Europe and the third biggest port in the whole world based on travelling records, a fact that makes the municipality of Piraeus the largest commercial centre of the Greek Economy. Piraeus is the link of mainland Greece with the islands of the Aegean Sea. As part of the Athenian urban complex, there are plenty of transportation means in service i.e. buses, trolleys, suburban railway, tram, metro (for the time being the old line of the underground railway is the one available but in the future there is going to be a new extended line of the metro) while it is also connected to the central railway network of the country.
Piraeus is not only the port its self, one of the most famous areas of Piraeus is Pasalimani or Zea the marina of Piraeus, around the marina and the main port of Pasalimani there are many fashion shops, cafeterias, and restaurants. In Marina Zeas located the Naval museum and part of the Ancient walls of Piraeus. Taking the direction from Pasalimani towards Faliro is the area of Kastela and Mikrolimano another marina with many fish taverns that serving excellent Greek food. To the other side of Pasalimani is the area of Piraiki, the best area to enjoy fresh fish in the numerous taverns with views to the Saronic gulf and the amazing sunsets. It is an unforgettable experience to enjoy an ouzo with grilled shrimps octopus from Piraiki while watching the sun setting over Salamina island and Aegina while the ships passing by on their way to the Greek islands. Another place to visit is the hill of Profitis Ilias, the hill is over Passalimani and from there you can have an amazing panorama of the whole Athens.